Identify the 12 parts of the article, as described in the Anatomy of a Journal Article and elaborated upon in the Details of Analyzing Journal Articles
Typical Anatomy of a Journal Article in Political Science
Journal Articles, especially in the field of political science, typically have twelve parts.
- The Title of an article appears on the first page of the article. The Title is brief, typically no more than 5-10 words, and identifies for the reader the subject of the article.
- The Main Point of an article is typically found in the Abstract. An Abstract is a summary of the article which is located on the first page, after the Title. The main point may be in the Introduction of the article.
- The Question of an article is typically found in the Abstract. The question may be in the Introduction of the article as well.
- The Puzzle is a missing piece of knowledge that the article seeks to fulfill.
- The Debate is how scholars currently argue the subject of the article. Debates have at least two sides, and the two sides we are most familiar with are â€œproâ€ and â€œconâ€. However, debates can be more complex.
- The Theory is how the author thinks something works. For example, we may have a theory about how campaigns influence voters. Theories consists of constants, variables, and the relationships between variables.
- The Hypotheses are derived from the Theory. A hypothesis is the expectation that one variable affects another variable in a specific way.
- The Research Design is how the author compares the effect of the explanatory variable (X) on the outcome variable (O) in a group (G) or set of groups.
- The Empirical Analysis is the use of quantitative or qualitative evidence to explore whether the hypothesized relationship between two variables does indeed occur in the world.
- The Policy Implications are how the findings of the article should influence the behavior of individuals, groups, organizations, or governments.
- The Contribution to the Discipline is how the article helps fill the missing Puzzle piece
- Future Research offers suggestions for future research that build on the findings from the article.