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San Diego State University Types of Secondary Data Discussion

1) Describe in detail the four major types of secondary data. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of secondary research.

***Bachman, R. D., & Schutt, R. K. (2018). The practice of research in criminology and criminal justice (7th ed.). SAGE Publications.

2) Write a 100-word response to each student in first person as if you were writing it to the students. Talk about how you agree with their ideas and add your own thoughts. Make sure it’s respectful. 

Student 1) Secondary data, according to Bachman and Schutt (2020), is data that was initially collected at another time by someone other than the person who is currently compiling or analyzing it. There are four major types of secondary data which include survey, official statistics, official records, and other historical documents (Bachman & Schutt, 2020). Surveys are one of the most cost-effective tools to collect a large amount of information at once. The use of surveys for secondary data would be utilizing information from surveys that were already conducted and reanalyzing the information for comparison. Official statistics come from various sources to include the government and may include statistics from the census, the health department, as well as other government agencies (Bachman & Schutt, 2020). Official records, like statistics, are publicly available and may include records from sources such as the police department, prisons, or other agencies such as the judicial courts (Bachman & Schutt, 2020). The last type of secondary data is other historical documents. These documents may consist of court transcripts or newspaper articles (Bachman & Schutt, 2020). Although secondary data analysis comes from already conducted research, there are advantages and disadvantages to using this research method. One of the advantages to secondary data is that it is easily accessible through a variety of databases. The information has already been collected and it is typically public, therefore it is cost-effective and may also be free. However, using information that has already been collected may not answer the question that the researcher seeks to answer. Additionally, the information may be outdated, and it is difficult to know if the information was skewed in any way.


Bachman, R. D., & Schutt, R. K. (2020). The practice of research in criminology and criminal justice (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage. ISBN-13: 9781544339122


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