I’m working on a finance case study and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
A recent study by the securities industry found that roughly half of all U.S. householders have invested in common stocks. As noted in chapter 8, the long-run performance of the U.S. stock market has been quite good. Indeed, during the past 75 years the marketâ€™s average annual return has exceeded 12 percent. However, there is no guarantee that stocks will perform in the future as well as they have in the past. The stock market does not always go up, and investors can make or lose a lot of money in a short period of time. For example, in 2004, Apple Computerâ€™s stock more than tripled following sizzling sales of its iPod products. On the other hand, Merckâ€™s stock fell more than 30 percent in 2004, when it was forced to withdraw one of its best-selling drugs, Vioxx.
The broader market as represented by the Dow Jones Industrial Average declined 2.6 percent during the first quarter of 2005. The triggers here were concerns about rising interest rates, higher oil prices, and declining consumer confidence. During this quarter, several well-respected companies experienced much larger declines, for example, Microsoft fell 9.5 percent, Home Depot 10.5 percent, and General Motors 26.6 percent. This shows, first, that diversification is important, and second, that when it comes to picking stocks, it is not enough to simply pick a good company, the stock must also be â€œfairlyâ€ priced.
To determine if a stock is fairly priced, you first need to estimate the stockâ€™s true or â€˜intrinsic valueâ€. With this objective in mind, this describes some models that analysts have used to estimate a stockâ€™s intrinsic value. As you will see, it is difficult to predict future stock prices, but we are not completely in the dark.
â€œâ€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦it is not enough to simply pick a good company, the stock must also be â€œfairlyâ€ priced â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦..â€ Criticize how the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) is applied to the â€œfairlyâ€ priced of the share when making investment decision.
Bond investment is an essential portfolio instrument for institutional investors to optimize the portfolio return. Analyze FOUR (4) different strategies for managing bond portfolios.